4 aprile 2014

Shigeru Ban - 2014 Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate


Shigeru Ban, a Tokyo-born, 56-year-old architect with offices in Tokyo, Paris and New York, is rare in the field of architecture. He designs elegant, innovative work for private clients, and uses the same inventive and resourceful design approach for his extensive humanitarian efforts. For twenty years Ban has traveled to sites of natural and man-made disasters around the world, to work with local citizens, volunteers and students, to design and construct simple, dignified, low-cost, recyclable shelters and community buildings for the disaster victims.
(Announcement from PritzerPrize official site)


Due sono le considerazioni principali che nascono dal premio al giapponese Shigeru Ban.
La prima è che il centro del mondo dell'architettura si è recentemente spostato molto ad est, considerato che tra i 5 vincitori dal 2010 ad oggi solo uno è europeo, Souto De Moura premiato nel 2011, mentre tutti gli altri sono cinesi o soprattutto giapponesi.
La seconda è che l'architetto premiato, pur essendo un personaggio già noto da anni nel mondo dell'architettura, si distingue per essere quasi un anti-architetto, nel senso che ha costruito pochi edifici importanti, le sue realizzazioni sono molto legate al suo impegno nei paesi in via di sviluppo e all'uso di materiali poveri anti-convenzionali, soprattutto il cartone
Lo si può definire senza dubbio un vero sperimentatore.
Basta vedere le sue opere pubblicate sul sito dal Pritzker Prize per averne la conferma:


Curtain Wall House, Tokyo, Japan, 1995
Paper Church, Kobe, Japan, 1995 
Naked House, Saitama, Japan, 2000
Paper Log House, Bhuj, India, 2001
 

Haesley Nine Bridges Golf Club House, Korea, 2010 
Paper Emergency Shelter for Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 2010
Cardboard Cathedral, Christchurch, New Zealand, 2013
 Tamedia Building, Zurich, Switzerland, 2013
 
...In 1985, Ban started his own practice in Tokyo without any work experience. Between 1985 and 1986, he organized and designed the installations of an Emilio Ambasz exhibition, Alvar Aalto exhibition, and a Judith Turner exhibition, as the curator of the Axis Gallery in Tokyo.
...In 1995, Ban’s paper-tube structure development received the permanent architecture certificate from the Minister of Construction in Japan and he completed the “Paper House.” In 2000, in collaboration with German architect/structural engineer Frei Otto, Ban constructed an enormous paper-tube grid shell structure for the Hanover Expo’s Japan Pavilion in Germany. This structure drew attention from all over the world for its recyclable architecture.
...Ban is currently working on creating architecture, he volunteers for disaster relief, lectures widely, and teaches. He continues to develop material and structure systems.  
(Biography from PritzerPrize official site)